Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) is rare among rescue cats but does occur. FIV is generally difficult to transmit among cats. Kittens typically become infected in utero (transmission from mother cat to kitten). Cats may also contract FIV via direct blood contact, such as from a deep puncture bite during intense fighting. It is not transmitted via contact with food bowls, feces, or touching.
FIV can cause a weakening of the cat’s immune system over time. Most cats with FIV can live long, normal lives. It is important to know the cat’s FIV status, because FIV cats may require closer medical care if they develop secondary infections (due to their weakened immune system).
Reputable Resources on FIV: